Brain-computer interfaces: Facebook’s next frontier

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biotechnology, Evolution, Implants, Medical News, Neurology, Pioneering Technology, Robotics

Facebook’s tech development team are currently working on a way for users to type with their minds, without the need for an invasive implant. Updating your status with thoughts alone may one day become a reality. The social media company’s 60-strong team hopes to achieve this miraculous feat using optical imaging that scans the brain […]

Alzheimer’s: Are we on the right path to new drugs?

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Epidemiology, Genetics, Immune System, Medical Advice, Medical News, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neurology, Pharmaceuticals, Pioneering Technology

With the number of people living with Alzheimer’s disease expected to almost triple by 2050, the race is on to find a treatment that can prevent or slow the condition. But last week saw another crack emerge in the already rocky path toward an effective Alzheimer’s medication; pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly announced the failure of […]

Emotions mapped in the human brain

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Medical History, Medical News, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

By applying an algorithm to functional magnetic resonance imaging, scientists have been able to see emotions at work in the human brain. Picture Credit: MNT The findings – recently published in the journalPLOS Biology – could enable better assessment of emotional states, which may help individuals who struggle to convey their feelings. According to the research […]

Zika Vaccines Offer Full Protection to Monkeys

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Aging/Growth, Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Epidemiology, Immune System, Medical News, Neurology, Parasites, Pharmaceuticals, Pioneering Technology, Vaccines, Viruses

The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), in collaboration with the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, has completed a second round of preclinical studies on a promising Zika vaccine candidate and found it to completely protect rhesus monkeys from experimental infection with Zika virus. The Pilot Bioproduction Facility at WRAIR […]

‘Hacking nerves can control disease’

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Anatomy, Biotechnology, Diabetes, Medical News, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

Controlling human nerve cells with electricity could treat a range of diseases including arthritis, asthma and diabetes, a new company says. Galvani Bioelectronics hopes to bring a new treatment based on the technique before regulators within seven years. GlaxoSmithKline and Verily, formerly Google, Life Sciences, are behind it. Credit: http://pulpbits.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/human-neuron-HD-wallpaper.jpg Animal experiments have attached tiny silicone cuffs, containing […]

Breastfed preterm babies may have better IQs, working memory, motor function

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Aging/Growth, Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Medical Advice, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology, Nutrition, Reproduction

Preterm infants fed breast milk within the first 28 days of life have better brain development and neurocognitive outcomes, finds a new study. The study, led by Brigham and Women’s Hospital, followed 180 preterm infants from birth to 7 years old. The results showed that the preterm babies that received more breast milk within the […]

Most accurate map of the human cortex unveiled

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Medical News, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

The most complete map of the cerebral cortex ever to be charted has been unveiled this week in Nature. No less than 97, distinct, previously undescribed regions have been found. The cerebral cortex – the outer portion of the mammalian brain – is a 2-4-millimeter thick layer of gray matter. This densely folded formation of cells […]

Double hand transplant: UK’s first operation ‘tremendous’ success

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Medical History, Medical News, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology, Transplants

The UK’s first double hand transplant operation has taken place at Leeds General Infirmary and the patient says his new hands look “tremendous”. Chris King, from Doncaster, lost both his hands, apart from the thumbs, in an accident involving a metal pressing machine at work three years ago.The 57-year-old received two new hands from a donor […]

Zika epidemic will end in three years, study suggests

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Immune System, Medical News, Mental Health, Microscopy, Nervous System, Neurology, Parasites, Pioneering Technology, Viruses

The current Zika epidemic is likely to end within three years because there will be too few people left to infect, a team of scientists is predicting. Writing in the journal Science, they said this could lead to a gap of 10 years before the next epidemic. The Imperial College London team created a model […]

Scientists restore key parts of vision in blind mice for first time

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology, Opthamology, Pioneering Technology, Surgery

For the first time, scientists have been able to restore key parts of vision in mice blinded by loss of nerve connections between the eye and the brain. The achievement is a significant step forward in finding ways to restore or improve sight in people with glaucoma and eye injuries that affect the optic nerve. […]

Gut bacteria-based supplement reduces cravings for high-calorie foods

Posted on 2 CommentsPosted in Bacteria, Biomedical Science, Cardiovascular, Diabetes, Diet, Epidemiology, Medical Advice, Medical News, Mental Health, Microscopy, Neurology, Nutrition, Obesity

Cravings for chocolate, pizza, and other high-calorie foods could be reduced by consuming a gut bacteria-based supplement, suggests a new study published inThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Researchers found the supplement inulin-propionate ester reduced food reward brain activity, which dampened participants’ cravings for high-calorie foods. Credit: http://bit.ly/29xVioS Researchers from Imperial College London and the University […]

Benign bacteria block mosquitoes from transmitting Zika virus

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Diagnostics, DNA, Epidemiology, Immune System, Medical News, Mental Health, Microscopy, Neurology, Parasites, Pharmaceuticals, Viruses

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have confirmed that a benign bacterium called Wolbachia pipientis can completely block transmission of Zika virus in Aedes aegypti, the mosquito species responsible for passing the virus to humans. A strain of Aedes aegypti mosquitos feed from a membrane of blood in Matthew Aliota’s research lab insectary. Credit: Jeff Miller […]

The FDA just approved the first human trials of a Zika vaccine

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Immune System, Medical News, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neurology, Parasites, Pharmaceuticals, Pioneering Technology, Vaccines, Viruses

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first human tests of an experimental Zika virus vaccine, the makers of the drug announced on Monday. https://d1o50x50snmhul.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/f0127511-zika_virus_in_blood_illustration-spl-1200×800.jpg Called GLS–5700, the medication will be used in a clinical trial involving 40 healthy people, and represents the first major step towards ultimately immunising people against Zika […]

New treatment can ‘halt’ multiple sclerosis, says study

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Autoimmune, Biomedical Science, Genetics, Immune System, Medical News, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

Aggressive chemotherapy followed by a stem cell transplant can halt the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS), a small study has suggested. MS causes the body’s own immune system to attack the lining of nerves in the brain and spinal cord, Credit: Thinkstock The research, published in The Lancet, looked at 24 patients aged between 18 […]

Parkinson’s connection to faulty mitochondria investigated

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Aging/Growth, Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Diagnostics, DNA, Genetics, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have gleaned new insights into the cellular biochemistry that underpins Parkinson’s disease. The team hopes that these new clues will help design effective drugs in the future. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a degenerative condition that affects the dopamine-producing cells in the human brain. Credit: http://bit.ly/22Zjynk Affecting […]

Window into the ‘gut’s brain’

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Diagnostics, Medical News, Nervous System, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

Real-time view of enteric nervous system provides new way to study gastrointestinal disorders https://kin450-neurophysiology.wikispaces.com/file/view/gut.jpg/187924395/gut.jpg Duke researchers have developed a system that allows real-time optical and electrical observations of the gut’s nervous system in a live animal. And if you weren’t aware that the gut had its own nervous system, don’t worry, you’re not alone. “The […]

Mental Disorders – Alzheimer’s, Schizophrenia & Depression

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Aging/Growth, Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Epidemiology, Expert Contributor, Medical Advice, Mental Health, Neurology

Mental disorders are often a taboo discussion topic as many people shy away from either the admission of having one or having to support someone with a mental condition. Unfortunately, mental disorders are on the rise, especially as we develop more and more medication that extends the human lifespan. We may be able to fix […]

Stroke patients able to walk again after stem cell transplant

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Anatomy, Biomedical Science, Cardiovascular, Emergency Medicine, Medical News, Neurology, Pioneering Technology, Stem Cells

The results of a small clinical trial offer hope for people left with motor impairment following a stroke, after finding that an injection of adult stem cells into the brain restored motor function for such individuals, to the extent that some patients regained the ability to walk. Researchers found that injecting SB623 stem cells into […]

New Imaging Technique May Find Real Alzheimer’s Culprit

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Aging/Growth, Biomedical Science, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology

Scientists are peeking inside living brains to watch for the first time as a toxic duo of plaques and tangles interact to drive Alzheimer’s disease — and those tangles may predict early symptoms, a finding with implications for better treatments. It’s not clear exactly what causes Alzheimer’s. Its best-known hallmark is the sticky amyloid that […]

Does acetaminophen/paracetamol reduce empathy?

Posted on 3 CommentsPosted in Biomedical Science, Epidemiology, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology, Pain, Pharmaceuticals

Researchers from The Ohio State University have found evidence that acetaminophen not only dulls physical pain, it also reduces our ability to predict pain in others and empathize. If the results are to be believed, this common drug might hamper our ability to imagine each other’s discomfort. Used to relieve pain and fever, acetaminophen – […]

dreaming

Dreaming brain rhythms lock in memories

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Insomnia, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology

Disrupting brain activity in sleeping mice, specifically during the rapid eye movement (REM) phase, can stop the animals remembering things they learned that day, a study suggests. It is the clearest evidence to date that REM sleep is critical for memory. Humans dream throughout most of the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep phase. Credit: THINKSTOCK By […]

Zika: portable, rapid diagnostic test could reach clinical use in months

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Diagnostics, Epidemiology, Immune System, Medical Advice, Medical News, Neurology, Parasites, Pharmaceuticals, Pioneering Technology, Vaccines, Viruses

A fast, portable test for Zika virus could be in the cards, according to a new study published in Cell, which details how a prototype device was able to accurately detect the virus in the blood and saliva of infected monkeys. Zika virus is primarily spread to humans through the bite of an infected Aedes […]

The health hazards of space travel

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Bacteria, Cancer, DNA, Immune System, Medical Advice, Medical News, Mental Health, Microscopy, Neurology, Nutrition

Space tourism? Why not? See the world as you have never seen it before. With at least 700 people signed up for commercial trips, and scientists figuring out how we can live on Mars, the impossible is becoming real. Are there hazards? Of course. As one researcher puts it: “Space is an unforgiving environment that […]

Strokes – The 3 types & what to look for

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Cardiovascular, Diagnostics, Emergency Medicine, Medical Advice, Neurology

Two of the most common cardiovascular problems often leading to long term disability or death are heart attacks and strokes. Today’s session will focus on strokes, which according to the world heart federation, is responsible for 15 million cardiovascular cases a year.  What are the different types of strokes? How can you recognize them? What […]

How do we fall asleep and wake up? Scientists uncover key mechanism

Posted on 1 CommentPosted in Insomnia, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology

Insomnia, jet lag, seasonal affective disorder – new treatments could be in the cards for all of these circadian rhythm-related conditions, after researchers have uncovered a neurobiological pathway that plays a key role in falling asleep and waking up. https://chronoceuticals.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/circadian-rhythm-disorders-health-consequences-and-treatments-3.jpg Published in the journal Nature Communications, the study suggests that BK channels in the suprachiasmatic […]

First paralysed person to be ‘reanimated’ offers neuroscience insights

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Medical News, Neurology, Pioneering Technology, Surgery, Transplants

Technique moves man’s arm by decoding his thoughts and electrically stimulating his own muscles. Ian Burkhart is paralyzed from the chest down. But he can pick up a credit card and swipe it. He can pick up a bottle and pour. And he can do it all just by thinking about it. http://media1.s-nbcnews.com/j/newscms/2016_15/1494226/160413-ian-creditcard_a3218a49df4f0db9f5f676cd7a037668.nbcnews-fp-1240-520.jpg It’s the […]

dementia

Study suggests Alzheimer’s lost memories may be recoverable

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Aging/Growth, Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology, Opthamology, Pharmaceuticals, Pioneering Technology

Forgetting loved ones’ names, important dates or events, and details of one’s earlier life are the telltale, heartbreaking signs of Alzheimer’s disease. http://bit.ly/1pAF7gk Until recently, the scientific community generally accepted the idea that the disease destroys the process by which these memories are stored, thus resulting in their complete loss. But new research in mice […]

Anxiety

Anxious People Aren’t Just ‘Playing It Safe’: They Have Completely Different Perceptions Of The World

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Medical News, Mental Health, Neurology

People who suffer from anxiety find it harder to distinguish between stressful stimuli and neutral ones, putting them on high-alert. Pixabay, public domain The brains of anxiety sufferers may have completely different wiring than people who don’t have the mental disorder, according to a new study out of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. People with […]

touch

World first: bionic fingertip enables amputee to feel texture

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Biotechnology, Medical News, Neurology, Pioneering Technology

A man from Denmark has become the world’s first amputee to feel textures in real-time with the help of a bionic fingertip connected to the nerves of his upper arm. The bionic fingertip has enabled an amputee to distinguish between different textures in real-time with 96% accuracy. Image credit: Hillary Sanctuary/EPFL Dennis Aabo Sørensen, who lost […]

neurons

First drug to reverse Huntington’s disease begins human trials

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Genetics, Medical News, Neurology

The new drug, called IONIS-HTTRx, silences the gene known to be responsible for the production of a protein which causes Huntington’s A drug which appears to reverse Huntington’s disease is being trialled in humans after proving successful in monkeys and mice. The new drug, called IONIS-HTTRx, silences the gene known to be responsible for the […]

immune system

Psychoneuroimmunology: laugh and be well

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Immune System, Medical News, Neurology

The idea that a positive outlook on life and a cheery disposition help to stave off illness is as old as the hills. Perhaps surprisingly, this adage is much more than an old wives’ tale. Over the last few decades, the intriguing and pervasive links between neuroscience and the immune system have slowly been uncovered. What might […]

Chocolate may boost cognitive function

Chocolate may boost cognitive function

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Diet, Medical News, Neurology

If you’re looking for an excuse to chomp that bar of chocolate calling your name, then look no further; a new study suggests eating chocolate at least once weekly may boost cognitive function. Dr. Georgie Crichton, of the Nutritional Physiology Research Centre at the University of South Australia, and colleagues publish their findings in the […]

One Blood Type Increases Memory Problems; Research Examines Dementia Risk

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in DNA, Genetics, Medical News, Neurology

What can our blood tell us about our memory and thinking process? The red liquid coursing through our veins has more power over our brain function than scientists originally thought. A three-year research study has found individuals with blood type AB were twice as likely to experience memory problems as those with type O blood. […]

Brain Circuit Linked to Depression Found in Rats

Posted on Leave a commentPosted in Medical News, Neurology

The brain circuits responsible for the inability to feel pleasure have now been discovered in rats, a finding that could help researchers better understand the mechanisms underlying depression and schizophrenia. Anhedonia, the inability to feel pleasure from activities that are normally found enjoyable, is a core symptom of several human psychiatric disorders, including depression and […]